ABC of all nanosciences and nanotechnologies is quantum mechanics. The overwhelming majority of quantum mechanics courses are taught in a traditional way beginning with the history of the development of quantum mechanics, basic concepts, comparisons between classical and quantum mechanics, theory of operators, and only after that the simplest applications of quantum-mechanical principles are considered. This approach is successful in physics departments where students specialize in science and education but it’s inappropriate in schools of engineering and applied sciences with engineering design oriented programs in nanoelectronics. Here we use a different way of teaching quantum mechanics. Students will acquire and learn quantum-mechanical notions (a) considering numerous examples of real nanostructures, (b) using Java applets, and (c) carrying out lab experiments devoted to main concepts of quantum mechanics. First, students study the fundamentals of quantum mechanics such as wave-particle duality, wave function, quantum states, and quantization. Then apply the quantum-mechanical theory to analysis and design of an artificial atom – a quantum dot (smallest nanostructure), and draw an analogy between the quantum dot and the smallest real atom of hydrogen. Next, we consider more complex nanostructures such as quantum wires, quantum wells, and double-quantum-well diode. In the last lectures, a short introduction to technology of nanoscale materials and devices will be presented. The main goals of the EE418/518 course are to teach students the basics of nanoscience, prepare the solid ground for taking courses in nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, and NEMS technology that are offered at UB, and educate engineers for the rapidly growing nanoelectronics and nanotechnologies market.
Prerequisites: Senior standing for undergraduates (EE 418)
or graduate standing for EE 518
Corequisites: EE 423/523 recommended but not required
More information can be found in the attached Syllabus.